It is the story, for example, of abolitionist newspaperman Elijah P. Lovejoy, murdered by a pro-slavery mob in 1837, and the U.S. soldiers who twenty-four years later fought to … Lovejoy was born at his grandfather's frontier farmhouse near Albion, Maine, as the first of the nine children of Elizabeth (Pattee) and Reverend Daniel Lovejoy. abolitionist outcries had been an impact on northern minds and were beginning to sway more and more toward their side. Chaplin sent the money that his former student so needed. Britannica now has a site just for parents! ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. That same year, Lovejoy began editorializing on slavery, the most controversial social issue of that time. From 1814 to 1860, more than three hundred freedom suits were filed by slaves to gain freedom, often based on their having lived in free territory with their masters. Working at the Times introduced him to like-minded community leaders, many of whom were members of the American Colonization Society, that supported sending freed American blacks to Africa. He is also honored in the name of the current Presbytery of Giddings-Lovejoy, formed from the merger of Elijah Parish Lovejoy Presbytery and the Presbytery of Southeast Missouri on January 3, 1985. [3] Due to his own lack of an education, he encouraged his sons—Elijah, Daniel, Joseph Cammett, Owen, and John—to become educated men. Joseph P. and Owen Lovejoy, The Martyrdom of Lovejoy, An Account of the Life, Trials, and Perils of Rev. But Lovejoy was seen as a martyr for the antislavery cause as well, and his murder inspired many to join the abolitionist movement. This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 22:09. Born in Maine, Lovejoy moved to Princeton in 1838 where he was a minister for a Congregationalist Church. Francis Butter Murdoch, the district attorney of Alton, prosecuted Lovejoy's murder but no one was convicted. One was killed and the other seriously injured. Observing the enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, the Reverend Owen Lovejoy denied that the Constitution and the laws made under its authority must in all circumstances be obeyed. In 1832, influenced by the Christian revivalist movement led by abolitionist David Nelson, he joined the First Presbyterian Church and decided to become a preacher. The leaders of the mob set up a ladder against the warehouse. The jury foreman had been a member of the mob and was wounded in the attack. Reverent Lovejoy (aka Elijah Parish Lovejoy)- He was a famous abolitionist and Presbyterian minister during the early 19th century. Lovejoy is the minister at The First Church of Springfield—the Protestant church in … Lovejoy was away from the city at this time and the publishers declared that no further articles on slavery would appear during Lovejoy's absence and, when he returned, he would follow a more rigorous editorial policy. The news of his death stirred the people of the North profoundly and led to a great strengthening of abolitionist sentiment. He attended revival meetings in 1831 led by William S. Potts, pastor of First Presbyterian Church that rekindled his interest in religion for a time. His views were influenced by Nelson, an abolitionist. The Lovejoy School in Washington, DC was named in his honor in 1870. Five years later, he studied at the Princeton Theological Seminary in New Jersey and became an ordained Presbyterian preacher. [13], Lovejoy and The Observer continued to be embroiled in controversy. [18][19] According to the Alton Observer, the mob fired shots into the warehouse. How did men like William Lloyd Garrison, Reverend Lovejoy, and Fredrick Douglass participate in the abolitionist movement? They sent a boy up with a torch to set fire to the wooden roof. The issues involved in the death of the Rev. After his death, his brother Owen Lovejoy entered politics and became the leader of the Illinois abolitionists. What did Reverend Lovejoy become? (person wanting to abolish slavery) and believed slavery was a sin against God. Lovejoy wrote a response to the letter, making it clear he did not agree with the publishers' policy. His former teachers at Waterville College advised him that he would best serve God in the West. Due to his own lack of an education, he encouraged his sons—Daniel, J… Articles during slavery times led to him creating a newspaper called "The Alton Observer". 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